Professional football did not exist in France until 1930, when the National Council voted in favour of it's adoption. Professional football was officially implemented in 1932. In order to successfully create a professional football league in the country, the Federation limited the league to twenty clubs. In order to participate in the competition, clubs were subjected to three important criteria:
The incoming club must have had positive results in the past.
The incoming club must be able to pull in enough revenue to balance its finances.
The incoming club must be able to successfully recruit at least eight professional players.
The 20 clubs were inserted into two groups of 10 with the bottom three of each group suffering relegation to Division 2. The two winners of each group would then face each other in a final held at a neutral venue. Olympique Lillois won the first final, 4-3 and became the first champions of France's new top flight of football.